Alloy 625 / UNS N06625 / W.NR. 2.4856

Description

Alloy 625 is a nickel-chromium-molybdenum alloy that is used for its high strength, high toughness and excellent corrosion resistance. The strength of alloy 625 is derived from the stiffening effect of molybdenum and niobium on its nickel-chromium matrix. Although the alloy was developed for high temperature strength, its highly alloyed composition also provides a significant level of general corrosion resistance.

Industries and Applications

Alloy 625 is used in a variety of industries, including automotive, marine, aerospace, oil and gas, chemical processing and nuclear. Typical end use applications include heat exchangers, bellows, expansion joints, exhaust systems, fasteners, quick connect fittings and many other applications requiring strength and resistance against aggressive corrosive environments.

Resistance to Corrosion

Alloy 625 has good resistance to oxidation and scaling at high temperatures. At 1800°F, scaling resistance becomes a significant factor in service. It is superior to many other high temperature alloys under cyclic heating and cooling conditions. The combination of the alloyed elements in alloy 625 enables it to withstand a wide variety of severe corrosive environments. There is almost no attack in mild environments, such as fresh and seawater, neutral pH environments, and alkaline media. The chromium content of this alloy results in superior resistance to oxidizing environments. The high molybdenum content makes alloy 625 very resistant to pitting and crevice corrosion.

Fabrication and Heat Treatment

Alloy 625 can be formed using various cold and hot working processes. Alloy 625 resists deformation at hot working temperatures, therefore higher loads are required to form the material. Hot forming should be performed within a temperature range of 1700° to 2150°F. During cold working, the material work hardens more rapidly than traditional austenitic stainless steels. Alloy 625 has three heat treatments: 1) solution annealing at 2000/2200°F and air quench or quicker, 2) annealing 1600/1900°F and air quenching or quicker and 3) stress relieving at 1100/1500°F and air quenching. Solution annealed (grade 2) material is commonly used for applications above 1500°F where resistance to creep is important. Soft-annealed material (grade 1) is commonly used for lower temperatures and has the optimum combination of tensile and rupture properties.

Common Trade Names

INCONEL® alloy 625

INCONEL® is a registered trademark of the Special Metals Corporation group of companies.

Data Sheet

Chemical Composition (%):

Nickel Chromium Iron Molybdenum Niobium+Tantalum Cobalt* Manganese
58.0 min 20.0 to 23.0 5.0 max 8.0 to 10.0 3.15 to 4.15 1.0 max 0.50 max
Silicon Carbon Titanium Aluminum Phosphorus Sulfur  
0.50 max 0.40 max 0.40 max 0.10 max 0.015 max 0.015 max  

* If determined

 

Applicable Specifications*

Form ASTM ASME AMS
Bar B446
SB446
5666
Plate & Sheet B443
SB443
5599
Seamless Pipe & Tube B444/B829
SB444/SB829
5581
Welded Pipe B704/B751
SB704/SB751
5581
Welded Tube B705/B775 SB705/SB775 5581

*EN10204 3.1 applies to all product forms.

Standard Products

Alloy 625 Plate

Alloy 625 Fittings

Alloy 625 Tube

Alloy 625 Pipe

Alloy 625  Bar

Alloy 625 Sheet

Alloy 625 Fasteners

Alloy 625 Flanges

Nickel Alloy Flanges

Alloy 625 Welding Product

Alloy 625 Coil

Alloy 625 Plate Shapes

Alloy 625 Custom Profiles

Alloy 625 Forgings

Alloy 625 Machined Parts

Alloy 625 Welded Components